LONDON: Jeremy Corbyn took over Britain´s main opposition Labour party with a vision to remodel the country along socialist lines, but looks to have led his party to its worst defeat since 1935.
To his supporters, the 70-year-old offered a chance to deliver a radical leftist agenda, shaking up the economy and reversing a decade of Conservative public spending cuts.
But the wider public failed to warm to him, a situation made worse by his refusal to take a position on Brexit and accusations of anti-Semitism and sympathising with terrorists.
According to an exit poll from Thursday´s election, Prime Minister Boris Johnson´s Conservatives inflicted a resounding defeat on Labour — projected to be its worst loss since 1935.
One of the first results emphasised Labour´s woes, with former safe seat Blyth Valley, a one-time mining area in northeastern England, voting Tory for the first time ever.
Corbyn´s team blamed “Brexit fatigue”, saying voters were won over by Johnson´s promise to end years of debate about Britain´s EU exit.
But critics from the more centrist side of Labour rounded on the leader, while the hashtag #Corbynout was quickly trending on social media.
“Essentially the election was a referendum on Corbyn,” said Andrew Adonis, who served as a minister under former Labour premier Tony Blair.
– Brexit neutrality –
Bearded and teetotal, with a love of making jam and spotting manhole covers, Corbyn was a lifelong campaigner on socialist causes who spent many years happily on the fringes of the Labour party.
But he put himself forward for the Labour leadership in 2015 to ensure a left-wing voice was represented — and surprised everyone by winning, propelled to power thanks to grassroots support.
He commands cult-like adoration from young supporters in England´s larger urban centres, and in the 2017 election used this to huge effect.
He held huge rallies around the country, and that year more than 100,000 people sang his name as he addressed the Glastonbury Festival.
But he lost some of his shine for many pro-European youngsters with his ambivalent stance on Brexit, and the wider public were not convinced.
He went into this election as the most unpopular opposition leader to have contested a British vote.
Corbyn caused some trouble for Johnson by claiming he was plotting to sell off the National Health Service in a “toxic” post-Brexit trade deal with US President Donald Trump.
His warnings of the impact of years of austerity also helped shift the debate, with the Conservatives promising more money for public services.
But with Brexit, he was accused of an absence of leadership on one of the biggest issues of the day.
There had already been a rebellion over his leadership after the June 2016 referendum vote to leave the EU, over his lacklustre performance in Labour´s official campaign to stay in.
A lifelong eurosceptic, he later agreed to Labour´s policy to call for a second referendum, but said he would stay neutral.
– Security fears –
Corbyn comes from an impeccable socialist background — his parents met as activists in Britain during the Spanish Civil War.
But he admits he was “not academically successful student”. He worked for trade unions before being elected to the House of Commons in 1983.
The Conservatives accused Corbyn of offering only more uncertainty over Brexit, and compared Corbyn to a desperate conspiracy theorist.
They also warned he was a security risk.
Corbyn has a long history of criticising British and US military interventions, and has been accused of sympathising with proscribed terrorist organisations, from the IRA to Hamas.
They also highlighted allegations of anti-Semitism flourishing in the Labour movement under his stewardship.
Britain´s most senior rabbi suggested anti-Semitism was a “new poison” within the party, which had been “sanctioned from the very top”.
Corbyn failed to dampen the row during a television interview with the BBC, side-stepping repeated chances to apologise to Britain´s Jewish community.
He can also be tetchy and evasive when challenged, such as in 2018 over whether he had laid a wreath for Palestinian terrorists four years previously.
The Arsenal football fan´s third wife is Laura Alvarez, who is 20 years his junior and runs a company importing coffee from her native Mexico.