Two people were injured Thursday after an elk violently charged at a woman in Estes Park, Colorado, officials said.
In a video recorded by a witness, a woman can be seen on the ground using her feet to fend off a bull elk that had charged at her with its antlers.
The adult male, which can weigh up to 1,100 pounds and can stand at 5-feet tall, backs off before charging at the woman after she begins to move.
In a second video, Estes Park public works employee Brian Berg is seen driving his Ford Ranger pickup truck between the woman and the bull elk. At that point, the animal charges at the car and strikes it head-on.
“I’ve never had to do that before, but I saw people in trouble and I figured I could get there quick,” Berg told FOX31. “I knew the best thing for me to do at that point in time was to get the truck in between them.”
A second man was injured during the incident after he jumped out of the way of the animal, slipped and hit his head on a rock, NBC News reported. He can be seen in the video on the ground not far from the woman.
The woman was not seriously injured and did not seek medical attention but the man was taken to the hospital in unknown condition, officials said.
Colorado Parks and Wildlife officials are warning visitors to avoid the large animals as they are in the midst of mating season
CPW spokesman Jason Clay told FOX31 that the people in the videos were too close to the elk.
“We are in the rut (breeding season) and bull elk will very aggressively defend their harems. Bull elk will fight over breeding rights,” he said. “Let the elk move away on their own, never ever get that close because something like this could happen.”
Officials said they had an issue with the same elk the day prior.
Researchers have discovered an enormous “pocket” of gas trapped underwater that could either be an enormous untapped natural resource or a potential “ticking time bomb” of greenhouse gas emissions.
The problem? Scientists don’t know which it is just yet.
The study, published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, reveals a discovery at the bottom of the Okinawa Trough off Japan of perhaps as much as 100 million tons of either methane, which could be used as a potential energy source, or carbon dioxide, which LiveScience described as a “ticking time bomb.” It could also be a combination of the two, according to LiveScience.
Researchers at Kyushu University have located a large gas reservoir below an axis of rifting based on an automated method for deriving seismic pressure wave velocity from seismic reflection data. The reservoir can be seen in this two-dimensional seismic velocity mapping, which spans a depth of about 3.5 km below sea level and a distance of about 6.5 km, as a dark-blue area of low velocity within green areas of higher velocity. (Credit: Takeshi Tsuji, Kyushu University)
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“While many people focus on greenhouse gases made by humans, a huge variety of natural sources also exist,” the study’s co-author, Takeshi Tsuji, said in a statement. “Large-scale gas reservoirs along a rifting axis may represent another source of greenhouse gases that we need to keep our eyes on. Or, they could turn out to be a significant natural resource.”
In an interview with LiveScience, Tsuji said if the unknown gas was all carbon dioxide – and he estimated it to be 50 million tons [45 million metric tons] – it would be on a “similar order to the annual CO2 emissions of all private cars in Japan (about 100 million tons [907 million metric tons] per year).”
To generate seismic waves in an effort to identify how much gas is stored in that part of the ocean, the researchers sailed toward the middle of the trough and then used an air gun to create the waves.
“Seismic pressure waves generally travel more slowly through gases than through solids,” the study’s co-author, Andri Hendriyana, added in the statement. “Thus, by estimating the velocity of seismic pressure waves through the ground, we can identify underground gas reservoirs and even get information on how saturated they are. In this case, we found low-velocity pockets along the rifting axis near Iheya North Knoll in the middle of the Okinawa Trough, indicating areas filled with gas.”
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In turn, the researchers found that as the velocity of the wave slowed down in certain parts, this signified the presence of the gas pocket.
But what the gas pocket is comprised of is of intense interest, given that it could have a significant impact on climate change, assuming it is carbon dioxide.
Tsuji added that it’s likely more zones like these exist, so further study is needed.
“Zones like the one we investigated are not uncommon along rifts, so I expect that similar reservoirs may exist elsewhere in the Okinawa Trough as well as other sediment-covered continental back-arc basins around the world,” he said.
The remains of an ancient Roman fort dating back nearly 2,000 years have been unearthed underneath a bus station in southern England.
The fort, located in Exeter, is a “very important and completely unexpected” find, according to city officials, who are working on redeveloping the area.
“This is a very important, and completely unexpected, discovery, in an area that has been heavily changed by previous post war redevelopment,” Exeter City Council member Andrew Pye said in a statement. “Along with other recent work in Exeter, it demonstrates just how much of the city’s history can still survive in unlikely places, despite damage caused by bombing and modern concrete foundations.”
(Credit: Exeter City Council)
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Pye added: “This discovery of yet another new Roman ‘fort’ within the city does demonstrate, along with that of the fortress and baths back in the 1970s and of several other new major military sites in the last decade, just how pivotal a role the Exeter area played in the first decades of the Roman conquest and subjugation of Britain, and how crucial development led archaeology has been in revealing this.”
In addition to the fort, which was built in the cathedral city in 55 A.D., coins and pottery made for the military and “fine red Samian tableware imported from France” were discovered.
The ancient fort was discovered by the Exeter Office of Cotswold Archaeology, working in conjunction with Kier Construction to keep track of the city’s Roman history prior to the construction of the new bus station and a forthcoming leisure complex.
(Credit: Exeter City Council)
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Derek Evans, of Cotswold Archaeology’s Exeter Office, said they were pleased to work with Kier and the city council on the project, as the bus station, originally built in the 1960s, is replaced.
“The unexpected nature of this discovery and the significance of uncovering previously undocumented Roman military features in this area of the city, have made this a challenging and interesting project,” Evans said in the statement. “We look forward to undertaking further analysis of the finds and other material recovered during our works and refining the story of the site’s history.”
Earlier this year, a mysterious Ancient Roman road and mine were discovered by archaeologists in the English town of Cornwall.
Many living things twitch or make noises while they sleep, but octopuses actually flicker while they are resting.
Yes, the octopuses shift between different colors and patterns — to stunning effect — while sleeping. According to Science Alert, sleeping octopuses do this because neurons firing in their optic lobes cause their pigment-containing cells to become active.
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An octopus is seen changing color while it sleeps.
A Nature PBS documentary called “Octopus: Making Contact,” that’s premiering on Wednesday provides an eye-opening look at this beautiful phenomenon.
“If she is dreaming, this is a dramatic moment,” says David Scheel, a marine biologist at Alaska Pacific University who narrates the video. “Then she turns all dark — octopuses will do that when they leave the bottom. This is a camouflage.”
Scientists know from experience that octopuses can not only change their coloring, but also adapt the texture of their skin to blend in with rocks or corals. They do this primarily to avoid predators. Besides that, octopuses can spray ink and squeeze through small openings if it needs to do so.
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“It’s a very unusual behavior, to see the color come and go on her mantle like that. I mean just to be able to see all the different color patterns just flashing one after another,” Scheel says in the video clip. “You don’t usually see that when an animal is sleeping. This really is fascinating.”
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Three supermassive black holes are poised to collide.
These three monsters stand near one another in a system of merging galaxies that’s about a billion light-years from Earth, according to a new study published in The Astrophysical Journal.
“We were only looking for pairs of black holes at the time, and yet, through our selection technique, we stumbled upon this amazing system,” said Ryan Pfeifle of George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia, the first author of the new study, in a statement. “This is the strongest evidence yet found for such a triple system of actively feeding supermassive black holes.”
Researchers had to combine data from telescopes on the ground and in space in order to pinpoint this rare black hole trifecta, according to NASA.
SLEEPING OCTOPUS’ AMAZING COLOR SHIFTS REVEALED IN NEW FILM
This artistic interpretation shows two black holes on a collision course. In the newfound system, three supermassive black holes are going to merge.
(MARK GARLICK/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY/Getty Images)
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One challenge in finding the three supermassive black holes, according to scientists, is that they are likely to be covered in gas and dust, which would block much of their light.
“Through the use of these major observatories, we have identified a new way of identifying triple supermassive black holes. Each telescope gives us a different clue about what’s going on in these systems,” said Pfeifle. “We hope to extend our work to find more triples using the same technique.”
If you’re keeping track: The system where the black holes are located is known as SDSS J084905.51+111447.2.
India’s historic Vikram lander made a “hard landing” on the lunar surface earlier this month, according to NASA.
The Indian Space Research Organization lost contact with the unmanned probe when it was in the final stage of an audacious Moon landing attempt on Sept. 6. Communication with the lander was lost when it was just 1.3 miles from the lunar surface.
On Sept. 10, ISRO tweeted that Vikram was spotted on the lunar surface by the space agency’s Chandrayaan-2 orbiter. Vikram’s fate remains shrouded in uncertainty, as NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter has yet to spot any evidence of the probe.
INDIA LOSES CONTACT WITH VIKRAM PROBE IN MOON LANDING ATTEMPT
“Vikram had a hard landing and the precise location of the spacecraft in the lunar highlands has yet to be determined,” said NASA in a statement posted Thursday.
A wide view of a series of Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera’s narrow-angle camera images collected on Sept. 17 showing the area of the targeted Vikram landing site.
The extent of the damage suffered by Vikram is not clear.
“The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) passed over the landing site on Sept. 17 and acquired a set of high resolution images of the area; so far the LROC team has not been able to locate or image the lander,” said NASA in its statement. “It was dusk when the landing area was imaged and thus large shadows covered much of the terrain; it is possible that the Vikram lander is hiding in a shadow. The lighting will be favorable when LRO passes over the site in October and once again attempts to locate and image the lander.”
INDIA FINDS MISSING VIKRAM PROBE ON THE SURFACE OF THE MOON
Vikram and its rover had a lifespan of one lunar day, which is equal to 14 Earth days, according to ISRO. This means that the probe reached the end of its life on Sept. 20. ISRO’s Chandrayaan-2 orbiter will continue its mission for a year.
A view looking down on the Vikram landing site (image acquired before the landing attempt), image width 54 miles. (NASA/Goddard/Arizona State University)
The U.S., Russia and China are the only countries to have successfully made “soft landings” on the Moon. Earlier this year, Israel’s uncrewed Beresheet spacecraft crashed during a Moon landing attempt.
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The Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft carrying the Vikram Lander launched from Sriharikota in southern India on July 22.
Artist’s impression of Chandrayaan-2 from ISRO video.
India’s first lunar mission, Chandrayaan-1, orbited the Moon in 2008 but did not land there. It did, however, launch an impact probe that was intentionally crashed into the Moon.
Chandrayaan-1 operated for 312 days.
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The Moon looms large for a number of countries’ space programs. China, for example, became the first country to successfully land a probe on the far side earlier this year when the Chang’e 4 lander reached the lunar surface on Jan. 2.
The U.S. also has its sights set on the celestial satellite and plans to land American astronauts, including the first woman, by 2024. The Artemis program will also establish a sustainable human presence.
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NASA recently revealed details of its vision for the Artemis Moon Lander.
Speaking at Kennedy Space Center on the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing on July 20, Vice President Pence announced that the Orion capsule that will take American astronauts back to the satellite is ready.
Since Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin set foot on the surface, only 10 more men, all Americans, have walked there.
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At a White House event in July, Aldrin voiced his disappointment over America’s space progress since the days of Apollo 11.
Fox News’ Chris Ciaccia, Morgan Cheung and The Associated Press contributed to this article. Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers
A recently discovered wasp can apparently control the minds of its victims.
Euderus set, otherwise known as the crypt-keeper wasp, has the uncanny ability to control the actions of multiple species of gall wasps, enabling them to be parasitized and die in a horrific fashion.
Galls are abnormal, tumor-like growths on oak trees created by gall wasps as a shelter for their larvae. Once the gall wasp larvae become adults, they eat their way out of the gall and fly away. The crypt-keeper wasp (named after the Egyptian god Set who trapped his brother in a crypt before killing him) also deposits its eggs in the gall. Crypt-keeper larvae then burrow into the gall wasp hatchlings.
(Credit: University of Iowa)
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A host gall wasp matures and begins to chew its way out of the gall as it normally would, but then, as observed by researchers from University of Iowa and Rice University, something strange happens: the host gall wasp quits eating its way out, making a hole only large enough for its head to squeeze through.
“When the gall wasp is attacked by Euderus set (the crypt keeper), the gall wasp still starts to chew an exit hole but fails to emerge and results in what we referred to as a ‘head plug’,” the study’s lead author, Anna Ward of the University of Iowa, told Fox News. “We identified head plugs by observed wasps that had stopped chewing their exit holes and were unresponsive – and visually looks like a wasp head blocking a hole in the gall.”
After feeding on the gall wasp’s body from the inside, the crypt-keeper wasp burrows out of the hosts’ head. Alien, eat your heart out.
What’s baffling researchers is how the crypt-keeper larva, once inside the gall wasp, is somehow manipulating its host to eat such a small hole, leaving only the host’s head exposed.
“Currently, we are not certain of the mechanism in which E. set is manipulating its host,” Ward explained. “Though we predict that this is a simple mechanism that involves stopping or paralyzing the host at the right moment where it has chewed part of the exit hole but before it emerges.”
(Credit: University of Iowa)
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To study this phenomenon, the researchers had the odious task of collecting galls in the wild, eventually gathering over 23,000 of the wasp-made shelters with over 100 species of gall wasps, along with some Crypt-keepers, inside. According to Ward, collecting the galls themselves wasn’t all that difficult.
“Oak galls are fairly common throughout North America and are found on all species of oak trees,” she said. “In order to collect the wasps, we simply collect the galls that the wasp is developing inside of.”
The team then brought those galls back to their lab and waited for the wasps to emerge, where they could observe the occasional crypt-keeper wasp in action. They eventually observed the crypt-keepers bursting out of the heads of 305 wasps from seven different gall wasp species.
The crypt-keepers were choosy about their victims as well, preferring gall wasps without spikes or fur on their bodies.
The volcanic complex was found beneath the Tyrrhenian Sea off the Italian coast. (Credit: FrankRamspott/iStock/Getty Images Plus)
Hidden beneath the waves of the Tyrrhenian Sea near southwestern Italy lies a newfound volcanic mosaic dotted with geothermal chimneys and flat-topped seamounts.
This complex is new to both science and the planet, geologically speaking; it’s only about 780,000 years old. Scientists aren’t particularly surprised to find volcanism in the region, which is home to active volcanoes like Mount Vesuvius and Mount Etna. But the new complex is unusual because it was created by a rare kind of fault, said study leader Fabrizio Pepe, a geophysicist at the University of Palermo, in Italy.
“This is a very complex area,” Pepe told Live Science.
The western Mediterranean is seismically restless because of the collision of three tectonic plates: the African, the Eurasian and the Anatolian. Making matters more complex is a small chunk of crust called the Adriatic-Ionian microplate, which broke off of the African Plate more than 65 million years ago and is now being pushed under the larger Eurasian Plate in a process called subduction. Mount Vesuvius is one of the volcanoes created by subduction.
Previously, scientists discovered a series of undersea volcanic arcs created by this tectonic unrest, starting near the Sardinian coast, with increasingly younger arcs southward and eastward. These arcs were like an arrow pointing ever farther eastward, prompting Pepe and his colleagues to search for an even younger arc about 9 miles (15 kilometers) off the coast of Calabria, called the “toe” of the “boot” of Italy.
There, based on seafloor mapping, seismic data and magnetic anomalies, the researchers found a 772-square-mile (2,000 square km) region of lava flows, volcanic mountains and hydrothermal chimneys; vents in the seafloor allow hot minerals to spew out and form chimney-like structures. They dubbed the new area the Diamante‐Enotrio‐Ovidio Volcanic‐Intrusive Complex, after three flat-topped seamounts (underwater mountains formed by extinct volcanoes) that dominate the seafloor.
STEP by step
Those fractures are what allowed magma to rise to the surface at the Diamonte-Enotrio-Ovidio complex, creating an undersea landscape of lava flows and mountainous volcanoes. These volcanic seamounts are now plateaus because they protruded from the ocean when the sea level was lower, and they eroded into their present, flat-topped shape, Pepe said.
The volcanic complex is inactive, but there are small intrusions of lava in some parts of the seafloor there, the researchers reported July 6 in the journal Tectonics. However, the area could become active in the future, Pepe said, and active volcanism is ongoing on the eastern side of the Tyrrhenian Sea. The researchers are working to build a volcanic risk map of the complex to better understand if it could endanger human life or property. They are also investigating the possibility of tapping the complex to produce geothermal energy.
Originally published on Live Science.
Remarkable images of a newly born rhinoceros and its mother have surfaced after the baby rhino was born earlier this month.
Stella, a female calf, was born to Ruby and Monty at the Cotswold Wildlife Park in Bradwell Grove, England, reports South West News Service (SWNS), a British news agency. Stella is the first female calf born to Ruby, who joined the wildlife preserve in 2009.
“We have had tremendous success with our current rhino herd,” Jamie Craig, curator of Cotswold Wildlife Park, said in comments obtained by SWNS. “Stella is the sixth youngster from Nancy and Ruby and our bull, Monty, has proved to be an excellent dad.”
New baby Rhino, Stella, who was born at Cotswold Wildlife Park, pictured with mom Ruby. She is the first female calf born to her parents and is healthy and nursing well. (Credit: SWNS)
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Craig added that Monty is “the perfect combination of a dominant bull and caring patriarch.”
Ruby joined the park along with another female rhino known as Nancy in hopes that one of them would mate with Monty and produce a calf, critical for the survival of the species.
Ruby joined the wildlife park in 2009, alongside another female Rhino called Nancy, in the hopes that they would produce the parks first ever Rhino calf with Monty. (Credit: SWNS)
The hope for Stella, the third female calf born at the park, is that as she grows older, she too can eventually become a mother.
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In 2013, Nancy gave birth to a female named Astrid with Stella being the third female calf born at the park in its 49-year history. (Credit: SWNS)
“It is particularly satisfying that Ruby has produced a female calf – these are vital for the development of the breeding program and Stella will eventually move to another collection to hopefully become a successful mother herself,” Craig stated.
A giant, Jupiter-like planet has been discovered by astronomers in a unique place, orbiting a small red dwarf star.
According to researchers, who published their work on Thursday in the journal Science, finding such a large planet near a tiny star could force astronomers to rethink how planets form.
Red dwarf stars are the most common type of star in the universe and comprise more than 70 percent of those in the cosmos.
Scientists reportedly used astronomical observatories in Spain and California to analyze the red dwarf star GJ 3512, which is 31 light-years from Earth and about one-eighth the sun’s mass.
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This artist’s illustration paints the Jupiter-like planet GJ 3512b as a cloudy, blue world in orbit around a red dwarf star.
((CARMENES/RenderArea/J. Bollaín/C. Gallego))
“The statistics of exoplanets found till now seem to indicate that low-mass stars typically host small planets like Earth or mini-Neptunes,” Morales told Space.com. “The most accepted model of planet formation, the core accretion model, also points towards this direction. But here, we demonstrate the contrary — that is, we have found a gas giant planet orbiting a very low-mass star.”
The researchers are continuing to monitor this system to learn more about its second potential world and perhaps even more planets, Morales said. Furthermore, they are examining another 300 or so red dwarfs to look for more exoplanets, he added.
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